What are Industrial Relations?
Industrial relations is a concept defined to explain the relationship that exists between the employees and the management that derives itself directly from their roles as employee and employer. Industrial relations are defined, moulded and directed by organizational settings. Industrial relations, in a broader sense, also observes and studies the relationship between the management and the employees, the latter being represented by a union. Industrial relations also constitute the interactions between the employees, employers and the government as well as the control and mediation associations that may get involved.
In the contemporary sense, the connotations of industrial relations have become more specific and restricted. Nowadays, industrial relations is used more in the light of trade groups, unions and worker-management relations vis-à-vis the Human Resources which is an entirely distinct field that concerns itself with employee-management relationship wherein employees do not denote the collective union.