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How does an education fraud affect an employer?
Degree fraud indicates a crime committed with the mishandling of higher educational qualifications. People symbolize themselves by inflating their grades and exaggerating or falsifying their achievements. They make their proclaimed credentials look authentic, but it is a severe crime of fraud and forgery.
There are 3 types of degree fraud as mentioned below.Bogus University and Degree Mills
The sole purpose of these universities is to mint money through enrolment fees, offering degree certificates or via premium phone line services. They cheat clients by providing authentic-looking certificates and documents through bogus institutes. With intelligent and sophisticated technology, this fraud is becoming more persistent in today's worldFake Certificate Websites
Many websites carry disclaimers on not using documents to make fake misrepresentations to avoid trial. However, in reality, they are offering novelty and alternative degree credentials using templates of actual certificates. This violates the patent and trademark of universities whose certificates are being mimicked.Fraud by Individuals
At times, an individual alters his educational qualifications to pass through a professional qualification check by the employer. Changing details on these certificates is a crime. These alterations are done very smartly and are hard to detect. So, employers should always choose to verify the claimed credentials through the degree issuing university or HEDD.
(Hedd is a centralised system for degree verification connecting employers, agencies, universities, embassies, and councils.)
Degree crimes are challenging to identify, but they have severe penalties. The consequences fall under fraud, forgery, trademark, and copyright legislation charges.
Under the Fraud Act 2006, Section 2, it is an offence to alter degrees and certificates for personal benefit. The person can be prosecuted or imprisoned for up to 10 years.
Under Section 7, those who help in providing fake certificates, be it an individual, false university, or bogus websites, can be prosecuted or again sentenced to a maximum of 10-year jail term.
Under the Forgery and Counterfeiting Act 1981, a person is guilty of provoking a third person to accept the false instrument as genuine.
Cifas is a non-profit company working to prevent financial crime in the UK, complying with the laws in the UK. It allows members to share confirmed financial fraud cases. A database of confirmed fraud cases can be found here.
Amberhill is part of the Metropolitan Police Service’s scheme to deal with identity theft. It puts together all the information relating to fake certifications. The data is cross-checked across several other data banks to detect crime in both public and private sectors.
Under professional qualifications checks, employers should verify the academic credentials before hiring candidates, even overseas applicants. The Council of Europe and UNESCO established the European Network of Information Centre (ENIC Network) to recognise academics and mobility. It provides information on academic qualifications in their own and other countries.
The NARIC (National Academic Recognition Information Centres in the European Union) network targets at enhancing academic identification of diplomas and times of study in the Member States of the European Union (EU) countries, the European Economic Area (EEA) countries and Turkey.
UK NARIC is the National Agency that provides information and advice on vocational, educational, and professional skills and qualifications worldwide. It provides essential support to universities and employers with worldwide recruitment and the handling of global applications for work or study.
The Skills Funding Agency owns the UK Register of Learning Providers (UKRLP). Its data bank comprises more than 30,000 learning providers (public, voluntary, charitable, private), all legally registered. All listed associations are issued a UK Provider Reference Number (UKPRN).