What is Industrial and Organisational Psychology?
Industrial psychology is the scientific and observational study of employees, workplaces and organizations and the impact due to their mutual interactions. Industrial psychology is also referred to as work psychology as well as organizational psychology. The objective of an industrial psychologist is to study the impact that employees and organizations have on each other, and thus improve the workplace by raising the motivation, efficiency and productivity levels of the employees.
Industrial psychologists use a number of methods, both quantitative and qualitative, like surveys, case studies, interviews, observations, regression, statistical analysis, etc. They can also incorporate suggestions and feedback from the employees, the management and various key organizational players and consultants to formulate their findings.
Industrial psychology studies are most often carried out when the organization is going through a period of considerable transition or shift, or during a period when new developments are implemented to cause a high-level change.